If you’re considering adopting an exotic cat, you need to know about their health issues. You should visit a vet shortly after adopting the cat so that you can find out about potential problems. Your veterinarian can help you prevent these problems before they arise. In addition, your vet can recommend a proper diet for your feline companion.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a serious health problem in cats that affects the left ventricle. It inhibits the circulation of blood, causing heart failure. There is no known cause for this disease, but certain breeds are more susceptible to it than others. Among them are Maine coons, ragdolls, Persians, Chartreux, and British shorthairs. Although it is not curable, there are ways to detect the symptoms of heart failure and treat the cat as early as possible.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a common heart disease in cats and a particular health issue for British shorthairs. It thickens the heart muscle, which prevents it from performing its normal functions. The resulting heart failure leads to irregular heartbeats, weakness, and even sudden death.

To diagnose hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats, researchers conducted a study using echocardiography. Echocardiographic results were evaluated by cardiologists who were board-certified. The study also included cats with normal echocardiograms and medical histories. This research has a number of limitations.

Despite the limited knowledge about the causes and symptoms of this cardiomyopathy in cats, it has become one of the most prevalent feline heart problems. It is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among cats. However, the role of preclinical disease in predicting long-term outcomes remains uncertain.

Oxalate bladder stones

Oxalate bladder stones are a common health problem among exotic shorthair cats, and the symptoms may be difficult to identify. However, treatment is available. A prescription diet can dissolve these stones, thereby reducing the risk of further occurrence. However, there are several reasons why a pet may develop bladder stones.

These stones are porous and may harbor bacteria, which can cause infections. The porous nature of the stones gives these bacteria a place to hide and prevent the body’s natural defenses from working. In many cases, oxalate and struvite stones are caused by a bacterial infection, and in those cases, the infection must be treated with antibiotics. A urine culture will help determine whether the bacteria is sensitive to antibiotics or not.

The pH of urine plays a role in the formation of these stones. Generally, older cats are more likely to develop calcium oxalate stones than young cats. While the diet is one factor, a diet high in vegetables can contribute to the formation of calcium oxalate stones in cats.

In addition to urine tests, vets can use x-rays to determine the presence of these stones. Oxalate stones are more easily detected than other stones because their density is similar to that of bone. However, other stones, such as phosphate and cystine, are more difficult to detect.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease in exotic cats is a genetic condition, which is progressive and can eventually lead to kidney failure. It is most common in Persian and related breeds, but it also affects Himalayan and longhaired cats. Approximately 40% of Persians are affected by the disease. While it cannot be predicted in advance, it is best to test cats for the condition to decrease the risk.

There is no cure for polycystic kidney disease, but treatment focuses on ensuring that the kidney functions normally as long as possible. Typically, veterinarians will prescribe medications, which can help manage the symptoms, and may recommend a surgical procedure. In severe cases, the cat may need to undergo fluid therapy and receive antibiotics.

The best way to diagnose polycystic kidney disease in cats is to use imaging diagnostics, including ultrasound. This is the simplest and safest way to detect the disease. However, if the disease is advanced, x-rays may be necessary. Blood and fluid analysis, as well as genetic testing, can also be performed at the vet’s office.

Polycystic kidney disease is a serious condition affecting cats, including Persian cats. If not treated early, it can lead to kidney failure. This is a progressive condition that causes the cat to develop multiple cysts. Although it is rare, it is important to diagnose PKD in your cat as soon as possible so it can be treated early.


Cataracts in exotic shorthair health problems are common among older cats. This condition causes the eye to become cloudy or opaque, and can be treated through surgery. This condition causes gradual loss of vision, but most cats will adapt and survive. Your veterinarian will check your cat’s eyes at a biannual exam and discuss treatment options.

Breathing problems

Exotic Shorthair cats are notoriously susceptible to breathing problems. Their flat heads and short noses can cause partial obstruction of the airway, and their windpipes can be narrow. While these conditions are not entirely preventable, proper care and vaccinations can ensure a long life for your cat.

If you’re concerned that your Exotic Shorthair cat is experiencing breathing problems, you should consult your veterinarian as soon as possible. While these problems can be temporary and harmless, they could also signal a more serious underlying problem. There are several different types of diseases, and the combination of symptoms indicates a problem that requires attention from a vet.

Another health issue to watch for in your Exotic Shorthair is oxalate bladder stones. This condition causes your cat to strain when urinating, which may be painful for your cat. It may also cause your cat to lick itself and show signs of blood in its urine. While there are no known cures for oxalate bladder stones, your cat may need surgery to correct the problem.

Other breathing problems in Exotic Shorthair cats can include flat-face syndrome. This is a condition that affects cats and dogs, and it can be difficult to spot. If you’re worried that your new pet has this disorder, consult your vet. If you’re not sure if you’re going to be able to identify your pet’s condition, you can read The Happy Cat Handbook, a comprehensive guide to understanding your cat’s needs and behavior.

Skin parasites

Exotic shorthair cats are prone to several health problems, including skin parasites. These parasites can cause a wide range of discomfort and pain, and they can even prove fatal. It is important to identify these symptoms as soon as possible so that your pet can be treated quickly and effectively. You should also check for ear mites and heartworms to make sure they are not causing your cat any discomfort.