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The red merle pattern of border collies is the result of the Merle gene, which can be present in two different genotypes. This gene is called an epistatic gene, as it affects other color genes in the dog. The merle pattern is characterized by splotching and dilution of the basic color genes.

The merle color is an effect of the interaction of eumelanin and pheomelanin. This process produces lighter and darker colors on the coat. The result is a variation of the same color that appears as a coppery/tan hue. Border collies with this merle pattern have the same genetic coding as tan Border Collies. However, they carry a recessive allele, M, in their hemizygous-dele (Mb), meaning that they carry both the dominant and recessive alleles.

The red merle pattern is a mixture of red and sable, which can also be present in a combination. A red-based merle is distinguished from a slate-based merle by its rich-brown nose. Both merle types are difficult to distinguish as adults, but the red merle pattern is easier to recognize.

Border collies are born with two halves of DNA from their parents. This means that they can have endless combinations of genes. Some of these genes control the color and appearance of the dog, while others control the size of the ear. The coat color depends on which of the two genes is dominant.

There is also an increased risk of hearing and vision problems in merle dogs. The UK Kennel Club recognized the health risk associated with homozygous merle in 2013, and stopped registering merle-to-merle puppies. However, this breeding method is still prohibited in three different breeds, due to the fact that homozygous merle dogs often develop blindness and deafness.


The Border Collie red merle is a rare breed that has a white and red coat. The red color is unique, because most people are used to seeing Border Collies with black and white markings. Many people may be put off by the look of a red merle, but the red merle does not have any different characteristics than other purebred Border Collies. This breed is sweet, energetic, and loves affection and water games.

The red merle breed has an uneven color distribution and lacks a dominant black allele. It is similar to the tan color, but it is much darker. These markings are a result of a genetic mutation that causes uneven color dilution. This type of coat pattern is very difficult to tell apart, and it may even look like a tricolor.

The border collie is a versatile breed and has many different colours. Its head is similar to that of an Australian shepherd, with pointed ears that hang forward. Its body is slightly longer than its height. The coat may be smooth or rough, and the hair is either long or short. Those with long hair have a thick mane that reaches to the hocks.

Red merle Border Collies have a merle coat, which is a mixture of two different colors. The red merle coat has a white base coat and red or blue patches. The eyes are blue or pink. The nose is often pink or butterfly-shaped, with red markings.

Border collies are not aggressive and are not likely to fight, but they may be protective of their homes. However, they can be aloof towards new people. Border collies have a lifespan between ten and 17 years. They are prone to certain health issues, but they are generally healthy.


Border Collies have the characteristic merle coat color due to their genetic coding. Merle dogs carry two alleles of the S gene, the dominant M allele, and the recessive M allele. These alleles are related to the amount of white in a Border Collie’s coat. The dominant M allele is a dominant trait, while the recessive M allele is a recessive trait.

Blue merles are one of the most popular colors of Border Collies. The blue merle border collie has a coat that tinges blue and may have patches of darker color. Both sexes share the same color pattern, but males tend to be larger than females. Blue merles may also have brown or blue eyes.

Border collies vary in size, but typically stand between 18 and 22 inches and weigh 30 to 45 pounds. These dogs are best suited for outdoor homes with fenced yards or farms. Merle Border collies are not suited for apartment living. Their size and temperament makes them an excellent choice for homes with large yards or ranches.

The border collie is an extremely popular breed. These dogs are excellent sheepherders and will respond instinctively to the commands of the shepherd. They are very intelligent and work hard. Their eagerness to please is one of their greatest assets, and this is apparent in their behavior and intelligence.

The Border Collie breed is well known for its work abilities, and they are sturdy, high-energy dogs. Their medium-sized frame is well suited for outdoor living, and they weigh about 45 pounds. Their coat can be one of two types – smooth or rough. Both types have double coats to protect them from harsh weather.


The cost of a red merle border collie varies depending on the base color. A blue merle dog is genetically black with only one copy of the merle gene, while a red merle is much rarer. A red merle Border Collie can easily cost three thousand dollars. A lilac merle Border Collie, on the other hand, may be more expensive.

Although not as common as a standard black-and-white border collie, this color variation is a unique characteristic. A red merle Border Collie has red patches and swirls throughout its coat. The dog’s eyes are blue, and its nose is pink with red markings.

Red Border Collies are a rare breed and can be hard to find. Heidi Clelland owns a red brindle Border Collie, which is fully KC-registered. Another color variation, piebald, shows large white patches over the body. This coat color is an uncommon feature, but can go with any other color.

A red merle Border Collie is the result of two genes. One parent passed the dominant merle gene to the offspring, while the other parent passed the recessive gene. This trait causes the coat to dilute to produce the dappled effect. The merle gene also influences the nose and eye color. A red merle Border Collie has a butterfly-shaped nose.

Choosing a red merle Border Collie can be difficult. This rare breed is expensive and not very common, so if you want a red merle Border Collie, you must be willing to invest time and money in caring for it. The price ranges from about $800 to three thousand dollars.