Mattawa is a small town in northeastern Ontario, Canada. It is located at the confluence of the Ottawa and Mattawa Rivers. The town’s name means “Meeting of the Waters” in the Algonquin language. The first European explorers to pass through the town were Étienne Brûlé and Samuel de Champlain.
The Three Crosses
On the day of the First World War, a church in Mattawa, Ontario, decided to build three crosses on the Ottawa River crossing. The three local priests erected the crosses to show their support for the troops. The crosses remain in place today. This story is a testament to the people of Mattawa, Ontario.
The Three Crosses were built in 1686 by the Sieur de Troyes in an effort to commemorate the meeting of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers. The Three Crosses are located on the crest of the Laurentian Mountains and are visible from Explorer’s Point Park, a three-kilometer hike from Mattawa. The view from the top of the Three Crosses is spectacular.
The Three Crosses in Mattawa are a must-see for any tourist visiting the area. These large wooden statues are a fascinating piece of history. The three white crosses, which mark the intersection of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers, are symbols of faith and community. The town is also the setting for an annual summer festival, called Mattawa Voyageur Days. In 2007, the festival had already sold out all of its admission wristbands and has been listed in Festivals and Events Ontario’s Top 100 Ontario festivals. In addition, there’s a local Christian radio station and a monthly newspaper, the Mattawa Recorder, which has been published since 1972.
The town was the site of the first settlement in the Nipissing District and was visited by many important historic figures throughout the years of the fur trade. The city also became a major stop on the Hudson’s Bay route. During this period, the town had a Hudson’s Bay post and fort. Today, visitors to the area can visit the Mattawa and District Museum and learn about the town’s early history.
Mattawa’s long history can be traced back to the 1600s. Europeans such as Samuel de Champlain and Etienne Brule camped here. The town was of strategic importance to Europeans, and many voyageurs and coureurs des bois would pass through the area to gather furs. These travelers had a good understanding of French Catholic morality and had regular church attendance.
The Mattawa Museum
The Mattawa Museum is located at the confluence of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers and features a wide variety of local treasures. The museum was designed by Finnish-born Canadian architect Jules Paivio, the last member of the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion. A museum like this is a great way to learn about local history, culture and heritage.
The town of Mattawa is celebrating its 125th anniversary as a municipality this year. Although the town was only incorporated in 1884, it has a rich history prior to that date. The early explorers Etienne Brule and Samuel de Champlain passed through the area over 400 years ago, and the local natives have lived there for centuries. The town is now a tourist destination for people of all ages.
The town is also known for its annual Voyageur Days festival, held the last weekend in July. The event celebrates the first people to settle in the area, and features lumberjack competitions, canoe races, and live music. Fireworks are also part of the festival. The town is known for its historic landmarks, including the three crosses.
The Mattawa Museum has many unique exhibits, including Indigenous artifacts and items from the local fur trade. It is also home to a CPR railroad exhibit and a special exhibit about the life and work of Dr. Saint-Firmin Monestime, a local doctor and former mayor of Mattawa. The museum also displays a traditional birch bark canoe.
Mattawa has a rich history, and the town’s first post office was located in an old Hudson Bay store. It was later replaced by the current Mattawa Post Office, which opened in 1955. After the railway was built, many French-Canadians settled in Mattawa and brought their families with them from Quebec. Today, French-Canadian culture still prevails in the town. There are still French-Canadian businesses in Mattawa, including the Voyageur Inn and Mattawa House Hotel.
The town’s first Roman Catholic church was built by Father Lebret in 1863. Later, construction of the twin steeple stone church began in 1889. The church and school were destroyed in a fire on April 16, 1959. The first three white settlers in the town built homes between 1863 and 1867. Later, a new church was built, St. Andrew’s United Church, which was originally known as the Union Church.
The Algonquin Nation
The Algonquin Nation of Ontario is located in present day Ontario, Canada. The Algonquins have been living in the region for more than ten thousand years. Their traditional territory extends from the watershed of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers to the Ontario/Quebec border east of Hawkesbury. The area is approximately nine million acres. In their early days, the Algonquins used the land’s resources cooperatively and moved from place to place. Their main objective was survival.
Algonquins have a common heritage, and the Algonquin Nation is engaged in negotiations to develop an Algonquin Treaty. The Algonquin Negotiation Representatives are working on a plan for economic development in the traditional territory. This plan will lay out the requirements for the Algonquin people to prosper in their area. It is expected to be tabled to federal negotiators in early 2008.
In early 1800s, non-Native settlements and economic activities put pressure on the Algonquin way of life. Settlers took away traditional lands, reducing their fur stocks and limiting their access to fish and game. The Algonquin chief Constant Pinency, who lived at the Lake of Two Mountains and later at the Madawaska River, requested assistance to establish hunting grounds at the top of the Rideau River system.
Algonquins are a deeply connected people to their land. Their identity is rooted in their role as stewards of their land and natural resources. Land is central to their traditional practices and is seen as an important factor in developing economic opportunities and wealth for the Algonquin Nation.
The Algonquins have been living in this area for a long time. However, it wasn’t until the 19th century that they set up a permanent settlement here. At that time, Antoine Kiwiwisens and Amable du Fond led two Algonquin groups to the area. During this time, Amable du Fond built a log home near their hunting grounds. This remains the oldest building in Mattawa.
Before the Europeans came to the area, the Algonquins inhabited the Ottawa Valley for 8,000 years. Today, the area is home to more than a million people.
The Three Crosses festival
The Three Crosses are a symbol of faith in Mattawa, Ontario, Canada. They are found on a hill above the town on the Ottawa River. The crosses were originally placed there in 1686, by the Sieur de Troyes, who wanted to mark the spot where the Ottawa River meets the Mattawa River. In 1802 the crosses were destroyed by vandals, but were later restored. In 1953 and 1975, Roman Catholic priest Father Maurice Gaudreault led a restoration project and local volunteers hauled the new crosses up the mountain.
Several years ago, the three crosses were repaired and a plaque was installed on each of them. A painting by Clermont Duval was installed on the crosses and has since appeared on postcards and the cover of a book. A new project to replace the crosses was funded by the Federation des Femmes Canadiennes de Mattawa. The new crosses were constructed by a native of Mattawa. The three crosses are positioned on metal bases and have been moved up the hill manually.
A number of Canadian artists will perform at the festival. The country music group Country Flat Top will perform. In addition, 11-year-old singer Emma Rivet is set to perform. There will also be a car show, a 50/50 draw, and about 27 vendors to browse through.
Mattawa is a multicultural town in northern Ontario. It sits on Algonquin territory, and its name means “Meeting of the Waters”. The town was first colonized by Europeans in 1657. Throughout history, it was a vital transportation corridor for native people. The Mattawa River became an important waterway from Lake Superior to Montreal. The mouth of the river was also a turning point for canoes traveling west up the Ottawa River.
After completing the railway line in Mattawa, the city grew considerably. The new road also reduced the town’s reliance on the river and gave it more independence. The railway also brought many French-Canadian labourers to Mattawa. Many of them moved their families from Quebec and started new lives in the town. The French-Canadian culture remains strong in Mattawa.