The Maine Coon is a large domesticated cat breed. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America and is the official state cat of Maine. This breed has several characteristics that make it unique from other breeds. They are also extremely affectionate and are a favorite pet among children.


Although the Maine Coon cat has only four toes, polydactyly is not uncommon in cats across North America and Europe. A study by Lloyd (1985) suggests that anywhere from 0 to 8% of cats in different populations are polydactyl. The American writer and poet Ernest Hemingway had close to 200 cats, including several with six toes. Their descendants still live in Key West.

Polydactyly is a benign anatomical abnormality in Maine coon cats that is caused by the Hemingway mutation in the ZRS gene. ZRS controls the expression of a gene known as Shh, which determines digit formation in the paw. Maine coon cats with the Hw mutation are characterized by varying degrees of polydactyly, with one to eight additional digits. The extra digits may also be present in the dew claw.

Although there is no known reason to euthanize a Maine Coon with polydactylism, many breeders choose to keep this rare trait in their breeding stock. It is believed that polydactyl cats bring sailors good luck. However, some countries recommend neutering polydactyl Maine Coons.

The asymmetric paws of a polydactyl Maine Coon allow them to catch prey easier. Historically, the trait was considered a lucky omen, as it helped sailors balance themselves at sea. While the genetics behind the trait are unknown, the extra digits in a cat’s foot make it easier to walk over snow.

Although the cause of “pattyfoot” remains unknown, Hamelin and colleagues (2011) have detected the Hw mutation in polydactyl Maine coon cats. However, they found no evidence of other polydactyl mutations in neighboring DNA regions. These findings suggest that mutations outside of the ZRS region are also responsible for polydactyly.

Hip dysplasia

If you notice your Maine Coon walking awkwardly, it’s likely he’s suffering from hip dysplasia. This disorder can result in a limited range of motion and a tendency to remain seated for longer periods of time. It is best to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Signs of hip dysplasia may include swaying or limping of the back legs, and the pet may also show aggressive behavior.

Maine Coons with hip dysplasia are at risk for serious health problems. Not only will the condition cause a significant amount of pain and difficulty walking, but it can also prevent your pet from using their back legs properly. Physiotherapy is one way to alleviate the pain and stiffness associated with the condition. This therapy is often prescribed in conjunction with other hip dysplasia treatments.

The Maine Coon has a high risk of hip dysplasia, but it’s not the only breed with the disorder. Studies show that hip dysplasia in cats is a major clinical problem around the world. Therefore, owners should take steps to ensure that their cats are examined for this condition.

Although any cat breed is at risk of hip dysplasia, Maine Coons are more likely to develop it than any other breed. This is because Maine coons have a smaller genetic pool and are therefore more likely to suffer from the condition. However, Maine coons are considered to be strong animals and can often overcome hip dysplasia with proper care and treatment.

The best way to diagnose hip dysplasia in cats is to consult a veterinarian who can perform x-rays and determine the condition. In some cases, surgery is necessary to alleviate the symptoms. A veterinarian can also prescribe a drug to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with the condition.

Periodontal disease

A healthy mouth is essential to a healthy body. While it is possible to avoid periodontal disease, it’s best to see a vet regularly for a thorough dental examination. The early stages of periodontal disease are known as gingivitis, which causes inflammation, redness, and irritation of the gingiva. Left untreated, this condition can lead to more severe gum disease and even tooth loss. Regular tooth brushing can help prevent and treat periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease can affect the entire mouth, including the tongue, roof of the mouth, and inside of the mouth. It is a very painful disease, which affects approximately 2% of the Maine Coon population. Causes of this condition include calicivirus and juvenile onset periodontitis. Treatment for this disease includes extraction of the affected teeth and removal of plaque-retentive surfaces.

If your cat has halitosis, you should take him to a veterinary professional as soon as possible. Not only can your veterinarian clean the affected teeth, but he will also offer advice on the best ways to maintain the health of your cat’s gums. Halitosis can affect the bond between you and your pet, so early intervention is recommended. Luckily, early periodontal disease is easily treatable and reversible.

Regular brushing of your Maine Coon’s teeth is a good idea to keep periodontal disease from progressing. Brushing your cat’s teeth can also help prevent painful tooth decay. Having healthy teeth and gums is essential to a cat’s overall health and well-being.


The Maine Coon is a large cat that is native to New England. This breed is popular as a farm cat and mouser. It is likely that it was introduced to Maine by ship as a small kitten in the early 19th century. The largest Maine Coon cat is more than four feet long.

The Maine Coon is the largest domestic cat breed in the world. They range in size from nine to 18 pounds, but are often larger than the average domestic cat. They grow from three to five years of age and reach their full size. Their tufted feet look like snowshoes, and they have a big bushy tail.

The Maine Coon size is dependent on their diet and level of activity. While males are usually larger than females, Toms can grow to be hefty animals. One breeder boasts a male who weighs 13 kg (28 pounds) and a female that weighs 4.5 kg (9.9 pounds). While weight does not seem to be the most important factor, it is important to consider the weight-to-size ratio when choosing a Maine Coon. Veterinary professionals use a scale called the body condition score for Maine Coons, which is basically the pet equivalent of the BMI.

The Maine Coon is a large cat with large bones and a thick coat. It has a ruff on its front end and a long, curled tail that waves in greeting. The head is medium-sized and the muzzle is squarish. The ears are large and rounded and point upward. Their eyes are green, gold or copper.

A Maine Coon is a sociable and good-natured cat. They love to be with their people and will follow them around. They don’t need much attention, but are very happy to watch you. Maine Coons are easily trained. They can learn basic commands and housetrain themselves, but they will need a large litter box.


The Maine Coon cat has a soft, loving personality, making it a great pet for families. They’re easy to train and have a high intelligence level. They enjoy fetch, playing in water, and even eating their own food. However, before you bring a Maine Coon home, it’s important to learn about its unique personality, health concerns, and grooming needs.

This enormous cat is extremely affectionate and loyal. It loves to spend time with its owner and will follow them around from room to room. It’ll also sit on your lap if you’re sitting down. It will keep you company and even help you with your homework. It can be extremely playful and will even help you clean up your bathroom, but only if it’s not too wet.

Maine Coons are generally very good company. They like to be close to people and are always ready to help. They are not cold or unaffectionate, and will play and cuddle with you for hours on end. This makes them the perfect pet for anyone. But remember, they can also be vicious!

While the Maine Coon is a loving, family-oriented cat, it can also be cautious with strangers. They are good with children, other cats, and dogs, although small kittens should not be left alone with dogs. Even the most well-intended dog can accidentally bite a kitten.

The Maine Coon cat is an intelligent, lovable cat that can easily fit in with any family. Although they can be challenging to train, they are a great choice for families and fit right into the lifestyle of any household. Originally from cold Maine, the Maine Coon cat gained popularity among sailors and farmers for its hunting instincts.